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MLA Format 9th Edition: Basic Elements of the MLA Citation

Core Elements

List of core elements in MLA citations

Each entry in the list of works cited is composed of facts common to most works—the MLA core elements. They are assembled in a specific order. Not all elements are present in each citation.

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The concept of containers is crucial to MLA style. When the source being documented forms part of a larger whole, the larger whole can be thought of as a container that holds the source. For example, a short story may be contained in an anthology. The short story is the source, and the anthology is the container.

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Video on Containers in MLA

Marquette University's 4.5 minute video to explain MLA containers used in the 8th and 9th editions. 

Practice Template

Learn how to use the MLA practice template to create entries in the list of works cited.

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